Climate Finance for the Middle East and North Africa: Confronting the challenges of climate change
This brief considers the scope and objectives of dedicated public finance directed to the region, drawing on Climate Funds Update data. It finds that most finance has been directed to a small number of large projects in Egypt and Morocco using concessional loans. No finance has been directed to the four largest oil exporters in the region: Kuwait, Libya, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia. Although good examples of adaptation projects are emerging (largely focused on water management, agriculture and rural development), adaptation remains gravely underfunded. Furthermore, although access to education and healthcare is increasing, gender disparities persist and remain a difficult social and political issue.
Nevertheless, we observe an increasing level of activity on climate change –notably investment in renewable energy—largely supported with domestic and private sector finance. Many countries are investing in wind and solar energy at a large scale, for both domestic use and export. As the host of the 18th Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC, Qatar has a unique opportunity to play a leadership role in global efforts to respond to climate change. It is uniquely paced to both set a good example by advancing its own efforts to adapt to climate change and embrace low carbon solutions to meeting future energy needs, as well as by supporting the efforts of poorer countries (particularly within its own region) to respond to climate change.
In the midst of turbulent times in the Middle East and North Africa, the State of Qatar is hosting the 18th Conference of the Parties (COP 18) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Doha from November 26 to December 7, 2012. This trilingual webdossier presents analysis and perspectives from a wide range of international and regional experts on how climate change, resource and energy politics relate to political and social change.