Oil industry actors had early knowledge of climate risks and important opportunities to act on those risks, but repeatedly failed to do so. Those failures give raise to potential legal responsibilities under an array of legal theories.
In 2013 countries agreed to establish the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage (WIM), but almost no work has been done on how to fund loss and damage. This discussion paper, while not presenting the final word on a range of issues related to international loss and damage financing, has nevertheless outlined some concrete steps forward over the next two years.
Land use plays an important role in climate action and also serves multiple functions: providing food, livelihoods, habitats, water and much more. When climate action is discussed it must always consider human rights and food security. This briefing paper of the CLARA group calls on climate negotiators to tread carefully when considering climate action strategies.
More and more individuals, communities, organisations and countries are considering climate litigation as 21 years of talks within UNFCCC have resulted in inadequate climate action. Climate litigation has seen tremendous progress worldwide as recent successful cases against different governments show. This report assesses current and pending climate litigation in the light of the Paris Agreement.