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Pakistan's Energy Future: What Role for Chinese Nuclear Reactors?

Pakistan is looking to solve its energy supply crisis by importing nuclear reactors from China. However, the Nuclear Suppliers Group, of which China is a member, forbids transfer of any kind of nuclear technology to non-signatories of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty like Pakistan. By Prof. Pervez Hoodbhoy

Why more women are needed than invited

On Wednesday, June 2, the long-announced Peace Jirga starts in Kabul. 1600 delegates from all over Afghanistan will come together to discuss whether and how peace can be achieved. People are unsure what to expect from a gathering on which even a day before it is happening neither participants nor agenda have been made public. More easy than to know who will be attending the Jirga is to know who will not be there: The armed opposition has not been invited, the political opposition declares its boycott and women have only reluctantly been included.  

By Bente Scheller

Open the crossing points to Gaza!

The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is currently being attacked by radical islamists. Recently a UNRWA summer camp for palestine boys and girls has been set on fire. John Ging about the humanitarian crisis due to the Israel's blockade of the Gaza Strip in violation of international law.

An Inch Closer to a World without Nuclear Weapons

The treaty signed by Presidents Obama and Medvedev last week brings us closer to fulfilling the vision of a world without nuclear weapons, but only by mere inches. A Czech Perspective on the Impact of New START on the Global Non-Proliferation Debate. By Šádí Shanaáh

The current US nonproliferation debate

How do the US bilateral nuclear deals with India and the United Arab Emirates influence the visions of a nuclear weapon-free world and the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in May? An article by By Philipp Bleckmann

Pakistan: Reality, Denial and the Complexity of its State

On 11th February 2010, the Heinrich Boell Foundation organised an expert round table discussion to inaugurate the release of their new publication “Pakistan – Reality, Denial and the Complexity of its State”. Two authors who published articles in the book were invited from Pakistan to Berlin to present and discuss their work.

Tribal Jurisdiction and Agreements: The Key to Sub-National Governance in Southeastern Afghanistan

In many parts of Afghanistan, non-state institutions remain relevant to security and stability, despite repeated and concerted state-led attempts from the late 19th century onward to expand its administrative influence, including control over the provision of security and the administration of justice. This policy brief examines the historical background of tribal contracts, to what extent they still play a role in local governance today, and what implications can be drawn for the current promotion of community governance arrangements.

Common Approaches to Strengthen the Non-Proliferation Treaty

How to address challenges to the NPT regime by the threat of new arms races by so far non-nuclear states and by non-state actors? The Japanese and German cooperation has to strengthen in the field of multilateral arms control and non-proliferation. By Tetsuro Fukuyama

Global Zero or Nuclear Anarchy?

Japan has been the only country in the world that suffered from a nuclear attack. Today, security and stability in Asia are at risk because of a potential nuclear arms race from the Persian Gulf to North Korea. By Ralf Fücks

Turkey and EU Energy Security

Turkey has close ties to the Caspian region, Central Asian, and the Middle East. Its longstanding cultural, historic, and economic interrelationships in the area means that Turkey is an ideal intermediary for the EU in its efforts to develop an energy dialogue. By Arzu Yorkan

Ideology and Practice in the Legal System in Gaza under Hamas

Nicolas Pelham concludes, that an end to western, Palestinian and Israeli isolation of Gaza and an improvement in Gaza’s lot generally, is likely to empower groups with external connections, and impede rather than accelerate Gaza’s Islamisation. By contrast, the alternative - of maintaining the closure - is likely to hasten the application of Sharia norms. By Nicolas Pelham

The Transformation of Palestine

The Palestinian-Israeli conflict was born at the end of last century as a result of "incompatible national aspirations" between the indigenous population of Palestine (the Palestinians) and the Zionist movement over the land of Palestine. By Dr. Samir Awad

The Palestinians, the Arab States and Israel

The struggle for Palestine first emerged as a significant issue in the neighboring Arab countries and the wider Arab world in the second half of the 1930s, largely as a consequence of the 1936-1939 Palestinian Arab revolt against the Zionist project and British colonial rule which protected and fostered it. By Zachary Lockman