The consolidation and enlargement of the EU has changed Europe’s global role in fundamental ways. Nevertheless, the hope that the foreign policies of the member states would converge within the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy have been dampened by disagreement about the war against Iraq. Still, in the future, the EU will increasingly take on tasks that used to be the preserve of NATO or the US.
The foreign policy of a powerful EU will differ from US policy in that it will be a continuation of the experiences Europe has made in the area of security through supranational co-operation and institutions. To the degree that the European Union is a new entity on the world stage its foreign policy, too, will be entirely new in character.