The Heinrich Böll Stiftung has been working in Pakistan from 1994 to 2019 with an office in Lahore, which was shifted to Islamabad in 2012. The main areas of work during this time were Ecology, Democratization as well as Peace and Security Policies. Since 2015 the programme concentrated mainly on Resource Equity, Energy and Climate Change as well as Gender democracy.

After 25 years of successful work with project partners in Pakistan, the office Islamabad has been closed with effect to 31st March 2019 due to ongoing problems with the registration process. This page presents some of the results of the work in the past years. There are a number of publications, articles and reports about events conducted by Heinrich Böll Stiftung and its partner organisations covering the time from 2009 to 2019.

Resources, Energy & Climate

Trees cocooned in spiders webs, an unexpected side effect of the flooding in Sindh, Pakistan

Trees cocooned in spiders webs, an unexpected side effect of the flooding in Sindh, Pakistan. Photo: Department for International Development; CC-BY 2.0

 

Ecology and sustainable development are central areas for securing the future of humanity. The race for access to and control of scarce fossil resources, strategically important metals, land and water causes environmental degradation and human rights violations. We strive towards an equitable use of natural resources. We also are deeply committed to ensuring that those who contributed most to the global climate crisis will have to do most to solve it and that those hardest hit by climate change will be protected – both from climate change as well as from false climate solutions. To protect our natural resources and the climate we advocate for a phase out of traditional means of power generation and a phase in of renewable energy solutions.

Climate Justice and an approach towards equitable use of natural resources require fundamental changes in our economic system, cultural beliefs and power structures. We want to highlight these challenges and seek participatory sustainable solutions towards the promotion of a rights based approach to energy, climate justice and resource politics.

Publications


 

Report Cover Thar Coal Project

Thar Coal Project and Local Community

Report

The report “Thar Coal Project and Local Community” traces the development of the coal projects in Tharparkar in Pakistan. The report brings together the opinions, concerns, observations and experiences of the local communities, civil society, and experts, with regard to the Thar Coal project. The information gathering and documentation process has been guided by a human rights approach. This consolidation of information and opinions may provide a basis for a better understanding of the project from the perspective of the socio, economic and environmental landscape of the local communities.

Infrastructure in Fragile Ecosystems: A Case of Deosai National Park, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan

Discussion paper
This discussion paper assesses the socio-economic and environmental hazards that may occur due to the proposed diversion of Shatung river, situated at Deosai plains of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. A plan to divert Shatung river into Satpara Dam already exists; the plan is to increase the latter’s power generation capacity and to satisfy the increasing domestic, industrial and public water needs of Skardu Town and the adjacent villages during the low flow/winter season. However, no Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been conducted so far. Only the locally-active environmental protection bodies have put up some resistance against this plan arguing that the diversion would primarily violate the Gilgit-Baltistan Wildlife Protection, Preservation and Management Act, 1975. During the investigation for this discussion paper, it was learnt that the diversion may result in serious damages to the ecology of the Deosai National Park (DNP) and its existing flora and fauna fed by Shatung river. Moreover, the requirements of Satpara Dam and expected outcomes of the diversion might not be achieved when the river water level decreases in winter season. If the diversion takes place, it would have serious implications for the fragile alpine ecosystem of Deosai plateau, and its biodiversity.
 

NEGOTIATING CHANGE: Recognizing the Role of Customary Laws for Sustainable Livelihoods and Development in Gilgit-Baltistan

Study

This study analyses the role of customary laws for sustainable livelihoods and development in Gilgit-Baltistan. Taking cue from views of local communities, the study takes stock of interplay of customary laws with local communities, who have over the centuries evolved and internalized these laws to make them part and parcel of their culture. Hence, the paper looks at the customary laws as a part of life of local communities. However, the coterminous existence of customary laws along with modern laws has given birth to a complicated situation where the local communities’ rights get lost in limbo.

Accelerating Wind Power Deployment in Pakistan: Capacity Building and Policy Options

Year 2015 had defined the future agenda of renewable energy (RE) for the coming decades. As regards, the UN General Assembly adopted “Affordable and Clean Energy” as a sustainable development goal. Later, historic Paris Agreement suggested to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2050 which is impossible without large-scale RE production. The year 2016 also witnessed record level of RE investment and capacity addition indicating a strong business case in future. Even though, RE has been termed vital to achieve sustainable development goals, some challenges still persist, especially in developing counties, including Pakistan. Third in a series – this policy paper not only discusses the barriers hampering wind power growth in Pakistan but also provides various policy and capacity building tools to overcome problems in areas such as: a) effective management of renewable energy integration; b) better understanding for RE costs and tariff determination; and c) financial modelling techniques for better financial close.

 

Navigating the Climate Change Landscape in Pakistan and India

The Heinrich Böll Stiftung is a German foundation and part of the Green political movement that has developed
worldwide as a response to the traditional politics of socialism, liberalism, and conservatism. Our main tenets
are ecology and sustainability, democracy and human rights, self-determination and justice. We place particular
emphasis on gender democracy, meaning social emancipation and equal rights for women and men. We are also
committed to equal rights for cultural and ethnic minorities. Finally, we promote non-violence and proactive
peace policies. To achieve our goals, we seek strategic partnerships with others who share our values. Our
namesake, Heinrich Böll, personifies the values we stand for: protection of freedom, civic courage, tolerance, open
debate, and the valuation of art and culture as independent spheres of thought and action.

Blue Diplomacy: Transboundary Water Governance from a Foreign Policy Lens

Water quantity and quality are deteriorating and the struggle among all common water users is likely to intensify. This may become even more visible in river basins that cross political boundaries of different countries. History reveals that in many situations, this mutual need may bring strategic cooperation rather than open conflict, and lead to peaceful solutions to water disputes. Over the last 67 years, we have witnessed only 37 severe water disputes globally, in comparison to 295 water cooperation treaties (UN Water 2008: 3).

Genderdemocracy

Women from Rawalpindi queued for their chance to have a say in Pakistan's elections

Women from Rawalpindi queued for their chance to have a say in Pakistan's elections. Photo: Department for International Development, CC-BY 2.0

The promotion of democracy is one of the core themes of our work worldwide. We perceive democracy as a socio-political process driven by citizens' active participation and strong democratic institutions. In collaboration with our partners, we are trying to widen the scope for political and social participation and emancipation. Specifically, we aim to strengthen civil society and democratically elected parliaments.

Political and social rights of women and youth are an essential part of the democratization process. Therefore we advocate for the representation of women and youth in political decision making and for an improvement of supportive legislative and political frameworks.

Publications


Unmaking Political Patriarchy Through Gender Quotas?

In this study, the authors, Farzana Bari, and Andrea Fleschenberg, are identifying commonalities and differences of Gender Quotas in the parliaments in Afghanistan and Pakistan and contextualize women’s political participation and gender democracy worldwide. From the findings of the country studies, they are drawing concrete recommendations for practice.

Unseating Political Patriarchy A Toolkit for Debate and Action

The toolkit discusses key issues to revisit for debate and action, spotlights and to-dos which can help in improving effective women’s political participation like, reforms in intra-party structure, electoral modalities, and establish intr-party equality in addition to rethink political culture and ensure accountabilities and compliances.

Gender, Climate Change and Adaptation, A study in Selected Villages of North Punjab, Pakistan - 2013

Report

This report is based on field studies conducted by Lok Sanjh Foundation (LSF) as part of its larger research project “Gender Justice to Climate Change Adaptation in Pakistan”. The main focus of this study was on the advancement of women’s empowerment because of its relevance to climate change adaptation strategies. The empowerment of women through climate mitigation and adaptation benefit both women and men and increases the potential for adaptation, which is very essential for any rural development strategy.

Security & Dialogue & Youth

Security issues determine the political realities of Pakistan to a large extent. Therefore, we addressed this issue with a number of events and publications on regional and internal level with a special focus on the relationship between Pakistan and Afghanistan and the fight against terrorism. This involved also a number of dialogue programs. Young people constitute a large proportion of the population in Pakistan but they have only limited opportunities to participate in political decision making. We promoted programs for the implementation of youth policies in different provinces and worked closely with youth groups in universities. This section contains articles and publications on those topics as well as on other developments in Pakistan, like elections and the floods of 2014.

Articles & Publications

Thread not Scissor

This publication is an outcome of a 6-Month research on "Different Religion Coexisting in Pakistan" carried out by South Asian Research and Resource Centre (SARRC) in collaboration with Heinrich Böll Stiftung Pakistan

Pakistan Reality Denial and the Complexity of its State

This publication is designed to provide a differentiated view of Pakistan’s complex political processes and social challenges to a broad international audience. Authors from a variety of disciplines present their analyses of Pakistan’s deficits and shortcomings, as well as their ideas and visions for a more democratic and peaceful future

Node is lost

2014: Conference on political and economic impacts of the flood and on current needs and challenges