Traffic Lights Iraq

The Middle East is burning and, as usual, all eyes rest on Washington. What, then, is Germany willing and capable to contribute to the crisis management in Iraq? The diffuse reactions by politicians across the political spectrum point toward a significant paradigm shift.


Maureen Santos debates the challenges for the environmental movements against environmental degradation on international and national level.

Meet and Greet in Brazil

India's new prime minister Narendra Modi succesfully presented his ideas of national development on his first international summit. Its most important outcome: a common BRICS Development Banc that could challenge the global financial order.

Afghanistan Election Day

What can we make out of a deadlocked electoral result, with seemingly contradictory stories from the candidates? A graphical analysis shows: Ghani's second round numerical victory was brought about by finding 1.3 million new votes and depositing them in key spots.

Mahatma Gandhi

It was eagerly anticipated, if the maiden budget of the newly elected Modi government could steer the Indian economy from the morass where it had been deposited by the previous government. Unfortunately, it is nothing more than a solid middle of the road budget, says Awani Tevari.




Intelligence services collect metadata on the communication of all citizens. Politicians would have us believe that this data doesn’t say all that much. A guy from the Netherlands put this to the test and demonstrated otherwise: metadata reveals a lot more about your life than you think.


India's government has to face new and old problems: Indian nurses and construction workers were taken captive by the ISIS in Iraq. The conflict surrounding the status of Jammu and Kashmir is a legacy which has both an internal and an external dimension.

More on "Democracy"

International Politics


The anniversary of the First World War gives us the occasion to reflect on what kind of Europe we want.

Map of India and its neighbours

Prime Minister Narenda Modi faces the challenge of balancing threats to India’s national security while maintaining good relations and peace with its neighbours. Modi's visit in Bhutan is seen as both, a demonstration of India's strength and the willingness for collaboration.

More on "International Politics"


The United States and Canadian governments are using ongoing trade talks to push the European Union to allow devastating tar sands unfettered access to its market.

Since the fall of the Taliban, Youth have emerged as an important political and economic force in Afghanistan. They are one of the most important demographic groups, with nearly two-third of the population being under the age of 25 years.

Women in Afghanistan have achieved significant progress in terms of working in public life since the international intervention in 2001. Despite of insecurity, patriarchal attitudes and discriminatory mindsets they have effective presence in parliament, media, government and civil society to contribute in democratization and stability of the country.

All Publications

Economy & Social Issues

cultural pioneers

Is our economy essentially wrong? It beliefs in abundant material resources and meanwhile infinite immaterial resources like knowledge and design are maintained artifically scarce, but there is an alternative.


Free media are essential for India, the world's largest democracy. But religious intolerance, political influence and corporate control over the media constitute a common set of factors which harm freedom of expression.

More on "Economic & Social Issues"


Construction site of the stadium Mané Garrincha

The Brazilian government has planned a "sustainable World Cup". Great distances for the visitors and participants, and the immense construction works make it difficult to comply with the green agenda. Moreover: civil society actors have been largely ignored by the government initiative.

Indian voters read regional newspapers at a MNS rally in Mumbai

Avani Tewari is a 19 year old law student from New Delhi, pursuing her studies from Jindal Global Law School in Sonipat. In this web dossier Avani is writing down her reflection on the main debates in the media after the elections and her personal impression of the political discussion.

More on "Ecology"

Education & Culture

Basigul Sharifi writes poems about love and tragedy in life. She has experienced the life of a refugee and is a sensitive, calm but highly motivated person. In the interview she talks to us about poetry, peace and suffering.

More on "Education and Culture"


Lettering LGBT

Despite South Africa’s Constitution of 1996 being considered one of the most advanced worldwide, the LGBTI community in South Africa faces violence, harassment, intimidation and hate crimes. With numerous projects, the Heinrich Böll Foundation seeks to improve the situation of the LGBTI community in South Africa.

More on "Africa"


Veiled women in the streets of Kabul

Officially there are no legal obstacles to women participating in politics in Afghanistan. However only one woman registered as a presidential candidate among many men, making discrimination against women in Afghan politics obvious.

More on "Asia"


county hall in Nyíregyháza

With new rules for municipal elections four months before election day Fidesz is consolidating its majority in most city councils. The constitutionality of these changes is questionable, though.

More on "Europe"

Latin America


When created by the end of 2008, the Pacifying Police Units (UPP) was labeled as “unique police force model and came with the promise of a radical change in the state public safety policies".

More on "Latin America"

Middle East & N. Africa


The official relationship between Israel and Iran is tainted. But nonetheless both states have shared characteristics and common goals. This article analyzies which steps could be realistically undertaken to make things better for both sides and strengthen the bilateral relationship – unilaterally.

More on "Middle East & North Africa"

North America

A ballott paper for the election of the European Parliament

The upcoming European Parliament elections are overshadowed by the perception of an indecisive European Union ill-prepared to deal with geopolitical challenges. Inferring from that a general indifference towards the European Union or its Parliament, however, is a short-sighted fallacy.

More on "North America"


2014 is viewed as one of the most important years since the Afghan transition process began, over a decade ago. Western troops are being drawn down and more importantly, the first presidential and provincial elections autonomously organised within the country, will present a further important step within the political transition process. This dossier provides analyses, profiles, interviews, as well as studies that will shed light on the events of what is an important year for Afghanistan.


India finds itself in a difficult transformation process. This dossier strives to make the country in its diversity more tangible. And to correspond with the upcoming parliamentary elections, it also makes room for a variety of socio-political and economic policy analyses and debate, and aims to define India’s foreign policy role.


The Heinrich Böll Foundation is compiling a dossier containing articles and interviews on the situation in Hungary since the right-wing government came to power in April 2010. Our intention is to raise awareness about the changes in the domain of public life in Hungary.


How could a just and democratic resource politics look like that respects both planetary boundaries and human rights? The Memorandum “Resource Politics for a Fair Future” is the outcome of a two-year international dialogue process of the Heinrich Böll Foundation.