Perspectives Turkey #1/2012
Turkey's Deep State
Turkey’s agenda is changing at an incredible speed. This change makes itself felt in every area of society. Social, legal and political changes happen in many fields; from economy to culture and internal politics, from environmental issues to external politics. This social transformation process seems to be sharpening the already existing polarization within society. It seems that the AKP government employs more and more populist and authoritative methods instead of following a democratic path in this transformation process. In such critical periods of sharpened polarization, the role of the governments is to provide an opportunity for social transformation to materialize in a peaceful and democratic environment. Therefore, the role of the political actors and civil society is also of great importance.
The quarterly periodica l"Perspectives" strives to be a source of reference for civil society, decision makers, opinion leaders in- and outside of Turkey. Each magazine will present feature articles, articles on ecology, democratization, culture, international politics and news from the Heinrich Böll Foundation. Each issue also contains a short biography in an attempt to present the impact of the developments in Turkey from a human perspective.
The feature articles of this first issue deal with the historical background and recent developments concerning the “deep state” of Turkey. We regard the “deep state” as one of the important impediments in the democratization of this country. With the different reforms that led to a change in the civil-military relationship, with the law suits such as the Ergenekon trial, and with the trial against responsible personality of the coup d’état in 1980, it became a much discussed topic; if the AKP government attempts to destroy the deep state; if it is accommodating to it or just changing the actors of the “deep state”.
In our first issue, we try to give answer to these questions. In addition to the feature articles, topical articles on issues such as the reform of the educational system, censorship in the arts as well as the renewable energy law and the reform of the health system are addressed.
Online version: http://www.tr.boell.org/web/51-1385.html
|Turkey's Deep State|
|Editor||Heinrich Böll Stiftung – Turkey Representation|
|Place of publication||Istanbul|
|Date of publication||July 2012|
|Service charge||Free of charge|
Feature articles: Turkey’s Deep State
- Tracing the Deep State, Ayşegül Sabuktay 4
- The Deep State: Forms of Domination, Informal Institutions and Democracy, Mehtap Söyler 8
- Ergenekon as an Illusion of Democratization, Ahmet Şık 12
- Democratization, revanchism, or..., Aydın Engin 16
- The Near Future of Turkey on the Axis of the AKP-Gülen Movement, Ruşen Çakır 18
- Counter-Guerilla Becoming the State, the State Becoming the Counter-Guerilla, Ertuğrul Mavioğlu 22
- Is the Ergenekon Case an Opportunity or a Handicap? Ali Koç 25
- The Dink Murder and State Lies, Nedim Şener 28
- Solar Energy in Turkey: Challenges and Expectations, Ateş Uğurel 33
- A Brief Evaluation of Seasonal Agricultural Workers in Turkey, Sidar Çınar 35
- Syria: The Case of the “Arab Spring” Transforming into the “Arab Revolution”, Cengiz Çandar 38
- Turkey/Iran: A Critical Move in the Historical Competition, Mete Çubukçu 41
- 4+4+4: Turning the Education System Upside Down, Aytuğ Şaşmaz 43
- “Health Transformation Program” and the 2012 Turkey Health Panorama, Mustafa Sütlaş 46
- How Multi-Faceted are the Problems of Freedom of Opinion and Expression in Turkey?, Şanar Yurdatapan 48
- Crimes against Humanity and Persistent Resistance against Cruel Policies, Nimet Tanrıkulu 49