Negotiations between the Afghan government and the Taliban to end 40 years of war have started on 12th September 2020. This comes after a controversial deal between the US and the Taliban, which was signed in February 2020, and the release of Taliban prisoners by the government.
The Salah Consortium, a consortium of 6 Afghan civil society organisations, conducted a survey in order to give ordinary Afghans a voice in the peace process and to learn about their expectations. Responses of the survey show, that the people perceive also a prominent role for civil society, tribal elders and other members of society, while the current process is largely driven by foreigners and the Afghan political elite.
Table of contents
1. Executive Summary
2. Barriers for the Peace Process and Afghan Youth Radicalization
2.1. Major Challenges and Barriers for Sustainable Peace
2.2. Major Reasons Youth Joining Armed Groups
3. Political Will
3.1. Public Confidence in the Government’s Political Will for Peace
3.2. Public Confidence in the Taliban’s Political Will for Peace
3.3. Results of Direct Peace Talks
3.4. Acceptance of Peace Accord by Taliban
4.1. Who Can Better Represent You in Peace Talks?
4.2. Role of Afghan Government in Peace Talks
5. Strategy and Contents
5.1. Proposed Contents for Peace Talks Agenda
5.2. What to Give Up for Peace?
5.3. Good Strategies to Bring Peace
5.4. Demand for Ceasefire
6. Key Actors/Stakeholders
6.1. What One Can do for Peace?
6.2. Expectations of Neighboring Countries
6.3. Expectations from the United Nations, International Community, and OIC
Phase 1: Pre-field work activities/steps:
Phase 2: Activities/steps during the field work:
Phase 3: Post field work activities:
8. Concluding Remarks
Appendix 01: Proposed Topics or Items for Peace Talks Agenda
Appendix 02: Planned and Actual Size by Province
Appendix 3: Composition of Regions
Appendix 4: Interview Questionnaire