The Contribution of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in Advancing Women’s Political Participation and Effectiveness: A Case of the Mon Women Movement in Myanmar




After decades of oppressive military rule, Myanmar is making strides towards a more inclusive democratic society. However, there are many challenges which need to be addressed to secure unprejudiced inclusion of all segments of Myanmar society. Women, who represent marginally more than fifty percent of the population, have been missing a seat at the decision-making table. Although the patriarchal military government gave way to a popular government which is led by a female State Chancellor, Aung San Suu Kyi, women continue to face a myriad of obstacles in participating effectively in politics. Civil Society Organizations have been active in trying to increase women’s participation in politics and governance, as well as push for gender equity. A women movement, which has grown out of these efforts, also faces shortcomings which stunts its potential. This paper reveals a need for the government to embrace the movement and act accordingly as the guardian of democracy to secure women’s political effectiveness.


Product details
Date of Publication
August 2017
Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung Myanmar
Number of Pages
Language of publication
Table of contents



  • Women’s political participation and effectiveness
  • Conclusion



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