This issue of Perspectives is dedicated to climate change mitigation in the Western Balkans, because of both the global need to limit global warming but also because mitigating climate change, as the articles show, goes hand in hand with development both in terms of economic growth and in terms of health, wellbeing and societal development.
With this context in mind, the articles before you shed light upon some of the commonly overlooked aspects of it but also point to solutions which are good starting points for any future changes in how we think of energy, development, and public good more broadly.
In 2004 UNDP published a report entitled Stuck in the Past - Energy, Environment and Poverty in Serbia and Montenegro. The study demonstrated how Serbia and Montenegro were still ‘stuck in the past’ in terms of their ability to manage energy needs in a way that will serve their developmental needs. Their economies were based on low-energy efficiency, high-energy intensity, high external, namely environmental and health-related, costs of energy generation and were out of tune with the time, generating poverty and hindering economic development. These findings were and still are very applicable to the entire South East European region. Now, more than a decade later, there are still no public policies in sight which would address these issues in the long run.
Introduction: Still Stuck in the Past
Energy and Climate Change in South East Europe 3
By Damjan Rehm Bogunović
Energy Union & Paris Agreement:
beginning of the end of coal in South East Europe? 6
By Dragana Mileusnić and Igor Kalaba
Energy poverty in Serbia: the vicious circle and the way out 9
By Aleksandar Macura
Health effects from coal power generation in South East Europe 13
By Vlatka Matković Puljić and Marija Jevtić
How to play the secret chord: transparency in the Western Balkans 16
By Mirko Popović and Zvezdan Kalmar
Western Balkans potential for production of energy from agricultural biomass 22
By Marijan Gajšak, Darko Znaor and Seth Landau
Green power to the people – Croatian perspective on community energy 26
By Melani Furlan, Robert Pašičko and Mislav Kirac