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Technical potential & challenges of REnewable hydrogen

Issues in the global South
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The purpose of this report is to provide the technical background of processes of renewable hydrogen production and its applications in key sectors and discusses factors which will determine the costs reductions for the commercialisation of renewable hydrogen to reach economies of scale. In addition, the report discusses the main players – the key producers and consumers worldwide – with a focus on countries of the Global South. In this context, the report describes the impacts of the Russian invasion of the Ukraine in February 2022, which exposed the strong dependence of Europe on Russian gas imports.

Product details
Date of Publication
November 2022
Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung / Brot für die Welt
Number of Pages
Language of publication
Table of contents

Foreword by Jaime Fernández, Brot für die Welt
List of acronyms
Executive summary
1. Introduction
2. Hydrogen: The basics

  • 2.1 Hydrogen Production, GHG emissions and projected global demand
  • 2.2 The Economics of hydrogen

3. The Role of Renewable Hydrogen in Climate Mitigation Pathways

  • 3.1 The use of renewable hydrogen under a 1.5°C Climate scenario

4. International And National Hydrogen Strategies

  • 4.1 Germany
  • 4.2 European Union
  • 4.3 International
  • 4.4 Morocco
  • 4.5 China
  • 4.6 Australia
  • 4.7 Japan
  • 4.8 USA
  • 4.9 Chile
  • 4.10 South Africa
  • 4.11 Summary – hydrogen strategies around the world

5. Policy development: Hydrogen for Climate Protection

  • 5.1 Sustainability Criteria: Additionality
  • 5.2 Environmental Standards for the Hydrogen Industry
  • 5.3 Social Criteria: Opportunities
  • 5.4 Risks
  • Water
  • Acceptance, social license and land use
  • Energy access and new energy colonialism
  • SWOT Analysis

6. Policy Recommendations for Germany
7. Conclusion


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