Policy Brief

Afghanistan: Response to Forced Returnees

For free

In fall 2023, tensions rose between Afghan and Pakistani authorities. Pakistan threatened to expel undocumented Afghan nationals, potentially extending to other Afghans. Despite negotiation attempts, forced returns began on November 1, 2023. Afghan families returned from Pakistan via Chaman/Spin Boldak and Torkham border points, alarming local officials. Little services were available beyond those provided by IOM. This brief examines the institutional response, meeting immediate and long-term needs, caseload management, private sector engagement, and challenges faced. It concludes with recommendations for international support.

Product details
Date of Publication
April 2024
Heinrich Böll Foundation
Number of Pages
Language of publication
Table of contents


Institutional Response

Efforts to Mobilize Private Sector and Institutional Resources

Sectoral and Subnational Responses

Response beyond the Caseload of Returnees from Pakistan

The Particularities of the Returnee Caseload from Pakistan

Overall Political and Economic Impact of the Returnee Crisis

The Returnee Crisis and its Impact on Migration Trends

Challenges Related to the Returnee Crisis

Conclusion and Recommendations

Your shopping Cart is loading …