Tricky Business: Handlungsspielräume der Zivilgesellschaft bei Ressourcenprojekten

Tricky Business: Handlungsspielräume der Zivilgesellschaft bei Ressourcenprojekten

"Tricky Business" cover
08. Dez. 2017 von Carolijn Terwindt, Christian Schliemann
Heinrich Böll Foundation, European Center for Institutional and Human Rights
Kostenlos
Veröffentlichungsort: Berlin
Veröffentlichungsdatum: 2017
Seitenanzahl: 152
Lizenz: CC-BY-NC-ND
Language of Publication: Englisch
ISBN: 978-3-86928-169-8

Die rücksichtslose Ausbeutung von Wasser, Land und Rohstoffen schreitet weltweit voran. Die Handlungsspielräume für zivilgesellschaftliche Gruppen, die gegen Landraub und Umweltzerstörung protestieren und demokratische Teilhabe und Menschenrechte einfordern, schrumpfen.

Die Studie der Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung und des European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) zeigt, wie die Mechanismen der Einschränkungen zivilgesellschaftlichen Engagements funktionieren. Sie blickt auch auf die Gegenstrategien der zivilgesellschaftlichen Gruppen und beschreibt Wege, wie Partizipationsrechte gesichert und eingeklagt werden können.


 

Inhaltsverzeichnis:

Foreword (de)
Acknowledgments
Executive Summary
Introduction

PART 1: SETTING THE SCENE
1 Research design and methodology
1.1 Main research questions
1.2 Selection of countries
1.3 Research methods

2 Development of natural resources and participation of civil society
2.1 The design of natural resource development
2.2 Shrinking space for civil society engagement

PART 2: COUNTRY COMPARISON OF CLAIMS TO NATURAL RESOURCES – INDUSTRY, CONTESTATION, SHRINKING SPACE

3 Indian forests: Enter companies exit forest dwellers
3.1 India's economic turn since 1991
3.2 Odisha: Rich in minerals and indigenous peoples living on top of them
3.3 The standard: Consent from all forest dwellers is needed for extraction projects

4 Mexico's energy: A tale of threats, intimidation, and dispossession of indigenous peoples
4.1 Opening the Mexican market to foreign investment
4.2 Renewable energy and the arrival of wind parks in Oaxaca
4.3 Lack or inadequacy of consultations in many of the wind parks

5 Philippine plantations: Landed farmers or landless workers
5.1 The Philippine's political economy of land
5.2 Mindanao's agricultural path to development – large-scale plantations
5.3 Frustrating land reform in practice

6 South Africa: Metals more precious than men and women
6.1 General policies: Harmonizing the mining industry and rural (black) development
6.2 Conflicts about platinum extraction in Limpopo
6.3 Privatized consultations do not guarantee respect for local aspirations for development

PART 3: PRESSURES ON CIVIL SOCIETY AND EXISTING RESPONSE STRATEGIES

7 Patterns of restrictions: Pressures on civil society are shaped by the different stages in natural resource development projects
7.1 Lack of knowledge on the arrival and nature of a project
7.2 Approval of licenses and project implementation despite criticism
7.3 Public protests and direct action due to lack of influence in official spaces
7.4 Escalation: Physical harassment and targeted killings

8 Designing strategies to defend and reclaim space
8.1 Assessing and designing strategies
8.2 The inherent limits of defensive measures
8.3 Challenges to proactive and long-term responses
8.4 Structural change: Consultations, business, and the law

PART 4: CHANGING STRUCTURES – ENABLING PARTICIPATION

9 Tackling the root causes of restrictions: Enabling meaningful consultations and community consent
9.1 Consultations as conflict-solving and rights-protecting tools
9.2 «Prior» also means participation in elaborating (inter)national standards
9.3 The format of consultations should enable community participation
9.4 Enabling communities to be a strong negotiation partner
9.5 Accepting the consequences of community consultations

10 The role of business
10.1 Company involvement in the pressures faced by project critics
10.2 Expectations vis-à-vis companies
10.3 Making corporations live up to their responsibilities

11 Using legal means to protect and create civic space in the natural resource arena
11.1 The role of the judiciary in safeguarding civic space in the natural resource arena
11.2 How civil society can make better use of law to protect and create space in the natural resource arena
11.3 Defending against abuse of criminal law: Counterstrategies to criminalization
11.4 The inherent limits of judicial proceedings: The challenge of implementation for court orders

12 Lessons learned

Appendix
Bibliography
The Editors
Abbreviations

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