The escalation of the armed conflict in Syria has been a painful reminder of the need to strengthen arms control and non-proliferation efforts. The European perspective on arms control is still shaped by the experiences of the Cold War. In other regions, differ-ent experiences and priorities shape existing arms control approaches: For example, the rise of China and the ambitions of old-new powers such as India, Iran, and Brazil are changing the global security equilibrium. The emergence of a multipolar world order is another strong argument in favor of a multilateral architecture of arms control and col-lective security.
This publication is an opportunity to figure out what steps should be taken to strengthen cooperative efforts in controlling and reducing military capabilities.