Australia - Transitioning to Sustainable Development?

Heinrich Böll Foundation
For free
Place of publication
Date of Publication
May 2017
Number of Pages
Language of publication

In 2015 all countries of the United Nations demonstrated their willingness and their ambition to stop climate change (Paris Agreement) and agreed on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for a future where "no one is left behind" [1]. The countries are now asked to take all necessary steps to fulfill the commitments made under these frameworks.

Therefore, it is important to ensure that national growth and investment strategies are coherent with these multilateral commitments. This paper will particularly focus on Australia and its activity under the G20 and analyze whether its course is in line with the SDGs and the Climate Goals.

For this purpose, the paper will pay attention to four specific SDGs that are highly relevant in the context of Australia's national strategy: Goal 5 (Gender Equality), Goal 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure), Goal 13 (Climate Action) and Goal 14 (Life Below Water). It should be noted that this paper does not intend to provide an in depth and comprehensive analysis on this topic, but to highlight Australia's current approach and future tendencies.


[1] United Nations: Transforming our World. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in: (7/7/2016).


Table of contents
  • Introduction
  • SDGs and INDCs
  • Australia's Growth Strategy
  • Coherence or Contradiction?
  • Conclusion
  • The Authors
  • Imprint

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