China’s Climate Transition Cover

China’s Climate Transition: Outlook 2022

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In this groundbreaking report tracking China’s climate transition, the Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA) assessed China’s progress in curbing emissions against 19 different benchmarks and carried out a survey of 26 Chinese energy sector analysts and experts. While energy consumption growth has slowed down, at least temporarily, in 2022, two of CREA’s indicators continued to be off track: investments in new coal-based steel capacity have increased in 2022.

Product details
Date of Publication
November 2022
Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA) with the support of the Heinrich Böll Foundation
Number of Pages
All rights reserved
Language of publication
Table of contents

Execuve summary
1 Introducon

China’s movaons to act on climate
China’s policies and commitments

2 Understanding China's greenhouse gas emissions
   2.1 The meteoric rise of emissions
   2.2 China’s emissions in an internaonal context

3 Pathways to carbon neutrality for China and the world
   3.1 Overview
   3.2 Global pathways
      3.2.1 Central Banks and Supervisors Network for Greening the Financial System (NGFS)
      3.2.2 Climate Acon Tracker (CAT)
      3.2.3 Internaonal Energy Agency (IEA)
   3.3 Pathways for China
       3.3.1 Instute of Climate Change and Sustainable Development (ICCSD)
       3.3.2 School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University (SENR-RMU)
       3.3.3 Instute of Atmospheric Environment, China Academy of Environmental Planning
                (CAEP-IAE) and Electric Power Planning and Engineering Instute (EPPEI)
       3.3.4 North China Electric Power University (NCEPU) and Peking University (PKU)

4 Measuring and benchmarking China’s progress
   4.1 Total CO2 emissions
       4.1.1 Trends compared to benchmarks
       4.1.2 Policies in place
                “3 lines and 1 list”
                Carbon sinks
                Carbon trading
       4.1.3 Data disclosure
   4.2 Non-CO2 greenhouse gases
   4.2.1 Policies in place
   4.2.2 Data disclosure
   4.3 Total energy supply and demand
       4.3.1 Trends compared to benchmarks
                 Analysing the causes of faster than projected energy demand growth
        4.3.2 Policies in place: Acon for green and low-carbon energy transion
        4.3.3 Data disclosure
   4.4 Electricity generaon and capacity
       4.4.1 Trends compared to benchmarks
       4.4.2 Policies in place: Speeding up the development of the new electric power system
                Renewable energy and nuclear power
                Green electricity trading and tariffs
                Energy storage
                Carbon trading
       4.4.3 Data disclosure
   4.5 Industry
       4.5.1 Trends compared to benchmarks
       4.5.2 Focus: Iron and steel
       4.5.3 Policies in place: Acons for peaking carbon dioxide emissions in industry
       4.5.4 Data disclosure
   4.6 Buildings
      4.6.1 Trends compared to benchmarks
      4.6.2 Policies in place: The acon for peaking carbon dioxide emissions in urban-rural
               Green appliances
               Data centres
               Residenal coal heang
       4.6.3 Data disclosure
   4.7 Transport
       4.7.1 Trends compared to benchmarks
       4.7.2 Policies in place: Acons for promong green and low-carbon transportaon
       4.7.3 Data disclosure

5 Expert survey and interviews
   5.1 Total CO2 emissions
   5.2 Primary energy consumpon and coal consumpon
   5.3 Power sector
   5.4 Industry sector
   5.5 Transport sector

6 Conclusions

Appendix: Historical data sources



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